“Gynaecomastia” is a Greek word meaning “women-like breasts.” It is a common condition affecting 60-70 percent of males sometime
during teenage years. Mostly these breasts are relatively small, regress spontaneously in a couple of years and do not become a cause
of concern. Gynecomastia becomes bothersome when
* Breasts are too large and showing through clothing.
* Causing embarrassment in wearing gym wear and swimming trunks or going shirtless.
* Causing psychological trauma.
Gynaecomastia Surgery or Gynaecomastia Treatment / Breast Reduction India can affect slim and athletic men as well as obese men.
The best Breast Reduction for Men in India.
Breast Reduction for Men in India: Breast Surgery Clinic
Male Breast Reduction India: Gynecomastia Surgery: Gynecomastia Treatment
Surgery: Gynaecomastia Treatment excision and liposuction3-4 hours
Duration of Surgery: 1-2 hours
Hospital Stay: Daycare same evening
Recovery: Dinner same evening, moderate activity next day, joining back work in 1 weekWalking: Same day
Writing and Computer: Next Day – only as much as you feel comfortable
Shower: After 3 days
Exercise: Treadmill after 2 weeks, weights after 1 month or later
Driving/Work: After 1 week
How is it Done: Modern Gynaecomastia / Male Breast Reduction India is frequently combined with liposuction. Tumescent solution is
injected into the breast and liposuction of breast is done. Liposuction involves sucking out fatty tissue in liquid form by hollow metal
tubes through small hidden holes. Liposuction alone is usually not successful in completely treating gynaecomastia because the tough
glands and fibrous tissues can not be sucked out. Therefore after liposuction removal of remaining tissues is done through a semicircular
cut along the lower margin of areola (the dark skin around the nipple). The complete removal of extra tissue is thus done and skin lies
flat on muscle. Stitches are self absorbable. Excess skin in grade I and II gynaecomastia usually shrinks but in very large grade III
gynaecomastias removal of skin is required through extra incisions. There is a drain (soft plastic tube) and padded compressive dressing
on chest. Drain is removed and dressing changed on next day. After that a compressive vest or crepe bandage is worn 24 hours a day
for a month.
The recovery time may be less or more depending on individual healing.
Frequently Asked Questions – Male Breast Reduction
Why do breasts enlarge in some men?
Both male and female fetuses in uterus have breast buds. In female the breast glands grow under the influence of female hormones during puberty, pregnancy and breastfeeding. In males breast gland remain underdeveloped because they have male hormones and very little female hormones. During puberty and development of secondary sexual characters, if the delicate balance of male and female hormones is disturbed male breast gland can grow and look like female breast. Most times the blood hormone levels do not show this imbalance and the problem is entirely due to breast glands being oversensitive to normal level of hormones. That is why men with gynaecomastia do not have any other symptom of feminization and they are perfectly virile.
Are there different kinds of gynaecomastia?
“True gynaecomastia” is seen in men of normal weight. Here breast is composed of glands, tough fibrous tissue and some fat intermingled with each other. In “Pseudogynaecomastia” which is found in obese people fat element is predominant. Gynaecomastia is classified into grade Ist to Grade IIIrd, depending on size, grade 3 being large and saggy breasts, literally indistinguishable from female breasts.
How is gynaecomastia surgery done?
Modern gynaecomastia surgery is frequently combined with liposuction. Tumescent solution is injected into the breast and liposuction of breast is done. Liposuction involves sucking out fatty tissue in liquid form by hollow metal tubes through small hidden holes. Liposuction alone is usually not successful in completely treating gynaecomastia because the tough glands and fibrous tissues can not be sucked out. Therefore after liposuction removal of remaining tissues is done through a semicircular cut along the lower margin of areola( the dark skin around the nipple). The complete removal of extra tissue is thus done and skin lies flat on muscle. Stitches are self absorbable. Excess skin in grade I and II gynaecomastia usually shrinks but in very large grade III gynaecomastias removal of skin is required through extra incisions. There is a drain( soft plastic tube) and padded compressive dressing on chest. Drain is removed and dressing changed on next day. After that a compressive vest or crepe bandage is worn 24 hours a day for a month.
What are the causes of gynaecomastia?
In majority of cases there is no specific cause and it is due to hypersensitivity of breast to circulating female hormones (estrogen) during puberty. Hormonal analysis of blood usually is normal in these cases. Obesity and fat deposit in the breast also is a common situation nowadays. Obesity is also associated with relative estrogen excess. Physiological gynaecomastia can also occur in newborns and in old age.
In a very small number of cases gynaecomastia may be due to some specific cause like:
* Usage of certain drugs like anabolic steroids, estrogens (for treatment of prostate cancer), long term usage of antacids like
cimetedine and omeprazole, some drugs used for treating psychosis, spironolactone and finasteride (antiandrogens), imatinib.
* Supplements used for body building containing anabolic steroids or performance enhancing substances containing hormone
* Addictives like alcohol or marijuana.
* Some genetic conditions like Klienfelter’s syndrome.
* Chronic liver disease, hyperthyroidism, adrenal tumors.
* Diseases of testes of pituitary leading to reduction in male hormones.
Are there any tests required to diagnose gynaecomastia?
Pubertal gynaecomastia usually spontaneously subsides by 18 years of age without any treatment. Otherwise there are no medications for treating this condition. Plastic surgery can cure it permanently.
What is the right age for gynaecomastia surgery?
Surgery can be done at any age safely if gynaecomastia is causing psychological distress. If person is comfortable with it he can wait till the age of 18 because there is a chance it can regress by itself.
Does losing weight or exercising helps to cure gynaecomastia?
In case of true gynaecomastia person is usually normal in weight and breast enlargement is due to overgrowth of gland , weight loss does not help. In other cases where there is some element of obesity weight loss affects the breasts size somewhat but does not usually cure it entirely. Exercising the pectorals may further highlight the breast gland.
Can gynaecomastia come back after surgery?
Surgery offers permanent cure. Only exception being in some obese people where gynaecomastia was treated by liposuction. If they do not maintain weight fat can come back on chest.
Can gynaecomastia be treated by liposuction alone?
Liposuction involves sucking out fatty tissue in liquid form by hollow metal tubes through small hidden holes. Liposuction alone is usually not successful in completely treating gynaecomastia because the tough glands and fibrous tissues can not be sucked out. Therefore after liposuction removal of remaining tissues through a small cut gives results. Occasionally liposuction alone may work in very soft and fatty breasts but it is difficult to predict that beforehand. If after liposuction the chest is completely flat surgeon can decide to stop with liposuction alone.
What result can I expect after gynaecomastia surgery?
You can expect flat normal chest after surgery. If you have been going to gym and not able to achieve pectoral muscle definition you can do so after surgery. Scars are minimal to begin with and usually fade in a couple of months. If your gynaecomastia is very large (Grade IIIrd) then you can expect some additional scars.
Is it necessary to wear compression garment after surgery?
Surgery is followed by swelling of the operated area usually. Compression garment helps in early reduction of swelling. It also helps in skin redraping in larger gynaecomastia. Garment provide firm but elastic compression. It should be worn 24 hours a day except during bath, for one month. It helps to keep an extra garment for washing.
How many days I should take leave from my job for the surgery?
One week is the usual time. It can be less or more depending on the nature of your job.
I am from another city. How long do I need to stay in Hyderabad after surgery?
Two to three days stay after surgery is adequate usually.
How many days of hospital stay is required?
It is a day care surgery so you can leave the hospital 6 hours after surgery. Like any day care surgery it is mandatory for you to have someone to take your place of stay with you for next 24 hours to reach the hospital in case of any need. People without any attendant may choose to stay in hospital for 24 hours.
What care is needed after surgery?
Dressing is changed and drain is removed the next day in the clinic. On fourth day you can take shower and remove your dressing. Subsequently every day after bath you just need to apply antibiotic ointment and cover the nipple with sterile cotton pads (available in market ) and use compression garment to keep them in place. You will also need to take oral antibiotics and painkillers as advised by doctor. After first week usually medicines and dressing are not required. Compression garment alone is continued 24 hours a day for next 1 month.
When is the healing complete?
Stitches are healed in 10 days. There is swelling, bruising and tenderness over the chest which goes down over next couple of weeks. Final results are appreciable after 1 month with some more improvement over next 6 months. Scars fade gradually over next one year.
Can the scars be prominent sometimes?
Scars behave differently in different people. Usually they are inconspicuous but in some people with tendency of forming bad scars can become hypertrophic or keloidal. If scars are looking red or itchy after 1 month it is advised to consult your plastic surgeon immediately to treat them early.
What are the possible risks involved with gynaecomastia surgery?
Occasionally here can be numbness or lack of sensation that could last up to a year. Infrequent complications may include infection, nipple damage, fluid accumulation, bleeding, scarring or pigment changes. Post-operative asymmetry, while rare, is possible; a second procedure may be needed to remove additional tissue. Like any other surgery small risk of anaesthesia should be borne in mind.
Can gynaecomastia surgery be done under local anesthesia?
Yes, occasionally when gynaecomastia is small, local anaesthesia alone can be used.
Can gynaecomastia surgery be combined with other surgeries?
Gynaecomastia surgery is commonly combined with abdominal liposuction and facial surgeries like rhinoplasty.