Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in treating patients with improper positioning of teeth when the mouth is closed (malocclusion), which results in an improper bite. Orthodontics also includes treating and controlling various aspects of facial growth (dentofacial orthopedics) and the shape and development of the jaw. The cost of orthodontics can vary depending on the materials used, the treatment plan, and even location. An orthodontics specialist is called an orthodontist. Orthodontics used to be called orthodontia – the word comes from the Greek orthos, meaning “straight, perfect or proper”, and dontos, which means “teeth”. Orthodontics also includes cosmetic dentistry; when the patient’s aim is to improve his/her appearance.